Kahoʻolawe (/kəˌh.əˈlɑːwi/; Hawaiian: [kəˈhoʔoˈlɐve]) is the smallest of the eight main volcanic islands in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Kahoʻolawe is located about seven miles (11 km) southwest of Maui and also southeast of Lanai, and it is 11 mi (18 km) long by 6.0 mi (9.7 km) wide, with a total land area of 44.97 sq mi (116.47 km2).[2] The highest point on Kahoʻolawe is the crater of Lua Makika at the summit of Puʻu Moaulanui, which is about 1,477 feet (450 m) above sea level.[3] Kahoʻolawe is relatively dry (average annual rainfall is less than 65 cm or 26 in)[4] because the island’s low elevation fails to generate much orographic precipitation from the northeastern trade winds, and Kahoʻolave is located in the rain shadow of eastern Maui’s 10,023-foot-high (3,055 m) volcano, Haleakalā. More than one quarter of Kahoʻolawe has been eroded down to saprolitic hardpan soil.

Kahoʻolawe has always been sparsely populated, due to its lack of fresh water.[5] During World War II, Kahoʻolawe was used as a training ground and bombing range by the Armed Forces of the United States. After decades of protests, the U.S. Navy ended live-fire training exercises on Kahoʻolawe in 1990, and the whole island was transferred to the jurisdiction of the state of Hawaii in 1994. The Hawaii State Legislature established the Kahoolawe Island Reserve to restore and to oversee the island and its surrounding waters. Today, Kahoʻolawe is used only for native Hawaiian cultural, spiritual, and subsistence purposes.

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Location
GPS Coordinates
20°33′N 156°36′W. 44.59 sq mi (115.5 km2). 8th largest Hawaiian Island
Height
1,483 ft. (452 m)
Puʻu Moaulanui on the crater rim of Lua Makika
Duration
3 days
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Team
10 people
Mostly UH students from the Ethnobiology Society.
Difficulty
middle
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Difficulty for this event
VIDEOGALLERY FROM KANALOA
The island bombed and battered since the attack on Pearl Harbor is now taking steps to heal.
VIDEOGALLERY FROM Kaho`olawe Aloha `Aina
Produced in 1977 by the Protect Kaho'olawe 'Ohana, this program features scenes from the last years of the life of George Jarrett Helm, Jr. as he worked tirelessly to stop the bombing of Kaho'olawe and inspire others to take up the cause of Aloha 'Āina (love and protection of the land).